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Title: Fault injection testing method of software implemented fault tolerance mechanisms of web service systems
Authors: Farj, Khaled Ali Saleh
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Testing Web Services applications and their Fault Tolerance Mechanisms (FTMs) is crucial for the development of today's applications. The performance and FTMs of composed service systems are hard to measure at design time because service instability is often caused by the nature of the network. Testing in a real internet environment is difficult to set up and control. However, the adequacy of FTMs and the performance of Web Service applications can be tested efficiently by injecting faults and observing how the target system performs under faulty conditions. This thesis investigates what is involved in testing the software-implemented fault tolerance mechanisms of Web Service systems through fault injection. We have developed a fault injection toolkit that emulates a WAN within a LAN environment between composed service components and offers full control over the emulated environments, in addition to the ability to inject communication and specific software faults. The tool also generates background workloads on the tested system for producing more realistic results. The testing method requires that the target system be constructed as a collection of Web Services applications interacting via messages. This enables the insertion of faults into the target system to emulate the incorrect behaviour of faulty conditions by injecting communication faults and manipulating messages. This approach allows the injection of faults while not requiring any significant changes to the target system. This testing method injects two classes of faults, manly communication and interface faults due to their big impact on Web service system dependability. The method differs from the previous work not only by injecting communication faults based on a Wide Area Network emulator, but also in its ability to inject a combination of communication and interface faults, which could cause what are called Byzantine faults (Arbitrary faults) at the application level. The proposed fault injection method has been applied to test a Web Service system deploying what is called a WS-Mediator for improving the system reliability. The WS-Mediator claims to offer comprehensive off-the-shelf fault tolerance mechanisms to cope with various kinds of typical Web Service application scenarios. We chose to use the N-version programming mechanism offered by the WS-Mediator, which has been tested through out tool. The testing demonstrated the usefulness of the method and its capacity to test the target system under different circumstances and faulty conditions.
Description: Ph.D. Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Computing Science

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