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Title: Cancellable biometric using matrix approaches
Authors: Mukhaiyar, Riki
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Cancellable biometrics endeavour to hide the appearance of a biometric image into a transformed template which prevents the outsider from recognising whom the biometric belongs to. Current research into cancellable biometric methodologies concentrates on the details of biometric traits. This approach has a drawback which cannot possibly be implemented with other biometric technology. To address this problem, this thesis contributes to development of a novel concept for the feature transformation of biometric technology, especially for fingerprints, by utilizing several matrix operations to provide an alternative algorithm in order to produce multi-implementation of the cancellable system. The matrix operations generate the feature element of the input fingerprint image in an irrevocable form of output fingerprint template by ignoring the type of biometric traits unique to fingerprints; thus, the cancellable algorithm can be implemented in different biometrics technologies. The implementation offers a new concept in generating a cancellable template by considering a sequential procedure for the fingerprint processing, in order to allow the authentication process to succeed in authenticating an enquired input. For example, a region of interest (RoI) step is required to provide a square form input to support the system working in a matrix domain. Meanwhile, the input fingerprints are mostly in rectangular form. This thesis contributes a new approach to selecting a certain area of a fingerprint by utilizing the density of ridge frequency and orientation. The implementation of these two enhancement steps reduces the excision process of this significant region of the fingerprint by avoiding the involvement of a non-feature area. Meanwhile, to avoid obtaining an un classified fingerprint, this thesis offers a new approach to the fingerprint image classification process entailing three requirements in classifying the fingerprint: the core point and its number, ridge frequency, and ridge direction; whilst the tented arch (TA) is only an additional requirement. The proposed idea increases both the percentage accuracy in classifying fingerprints and time consuming of the system. For Example, the accuracy of the fingerprint classification improves from less than 41 per cent of the fingerprint to 86.48 per cent in average for all of databases.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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