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Title: Synchronous reluctance motors with fractional slot-concentrated windings
Authors: Donaghy-Spargo, Christopher Michael
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Today, high efficiency and high torque density electrical machines are a growing research interest and machines that contain no permanent magnet material are increasingly sought. Despite the lack of interest over the last twenty years, the permanent magnet-free synchronous reluctance machine is undergoing a revival and has become a research focus due to its magnet-free construction, high efficiency and robustness. They are now considered a potential future technology for future industrial variable speed drive applications and even electric vehicles. This thesis presents for the first time a synchronous reluctance motor with fractional slot-concentrated windings, utilizing non-overlapping single tooth wound coils, for high efficiency and high torque density permanent magnet-free electric drives. It presents all stages of the design and validation process from the initial concept stage through the design of such a machine, to the test and validation of a constructed prototype motor. The prototype machine utilizes a segmented stator core back iron arrangement for ease of winding and facilitating high slot fill factors. The conventional synchronous reluctance motor topology utilizes distributed winding systems with a large number of stator slots, presenting some limitations and challenges when considering high efficiency, high torque density electrical machines with low cost. This thesis aims to present an advancement in synchronous reluctance technology by identifying limitations and improving the design of synchronous reluctance motors through development of a novel machine topology. With the presented novel fractional slot concentrated winding machine design, additional challenges such as high torque ripple and low power factor arise, they are explored and analysed - the design modified to minimise any unwanted parasitic effects. The electrical and electromagnetic characteristics of the developed machine are also explored and compared with that of a conventional machine. A novel FEA post-processing technique is developed to analyse individual air-gap field harmonic torque contributions and the machines dq theory also modified in order to account for additional effects. The developed machine is found to be lower cost, lower mass and higher efficiency than an equivalent induction or conventional synchronous reluctance motor, but does suffer higher torque ripples and lower power factor. The prototype is validated using static and dynamic testing with the results showing a good match with finite element predictions. The work contained within this thesis can be considered as a first step to developing commercial technology based on the concept for variable speed drive applications.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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