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|Performance evaluation of T-transform based OFDM in underwater acoustic channels
|Recently there has been an increasing trend towards the implementation of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based multicarrier communication systems in underwater acoustic communications. By dividing the available bandwidth into multiple sub-bands, OFDM systems enable reliable transmission over long range dispersive channels. However OFDM is prone to impairments such as severe frequency selective fading channels, motioned induced Doppler shift and high peak-to-average-power ratio (PAPR). In order to fully exploit the potential of OFDM in UWA channels, those issues have received a great deal of attention in recent research. With the aim of improving OFDM's performance in UWA channels, a T-transformed based OFDM system is introduced using a low computational complexity T-transform that combines the Walsh-Hadamard transform (WHT) and the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) into a single fast orthonormal unitary transform. Through real-world experiment, performance comparison between the proposed T-OFDM system and conventional OFDM system revealed that T-OFDM performs better than OFDM with high code rate in frequency selective fading channels. Furthermore, investigation of different equalizer techniques have shown that the limitation of ZF equalizers affect the T-OFDM more (one bad equalizer coefficient affects all symbols) and so developed a modified ZF equalizer with outlier detection which provides major performance gain without excessive computation load. Lastly, investigation of PAPR reduction methods delineated that T-OFDM has inherently lower PAPR and it is also far more tolerant of distortions introduced by the simple clipping method. As a result, lower PAPR can be achieved with minimal overhead and so outperforming OFDM for a given power limit at the transmitter.
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|School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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|Ding, H 2017.pdf
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