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Title: Design of a high speed high power switched reluctance motor
Authors: Besharati, Maede
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: An increase in the price of rare earth materials in 2009 prompted research into alternative motor technologies without permanent magnets. The SRMs have become more of an attractive solution as they are relatively simpler to construct than other machines technologies hence cost effective. Furthermore, the rugged structure of the rotor makes it suitable for high speed operation, if appropriately designed. This thesis investigates the design, analysis and prototype manufacture of an SRM, that from electromagnetic point of view, meets the power output of the PM machine used in the Toyota Prius, although operating at a higher speed of 50,000 rpm. As a result, the required torque is considerably less than an equivalent motor with the same output power running at lower speed, hence this approach allows for much smaller frame sizes. To achieve the required torque, careful choice of stator/rotor tooth combination, coil number of turns and number of phases is needed. Running at high speed, increases the AC copper loss (consisting of skin effect and proximity effects) and iron loss. These shortcomings are extensively discussed and investigated. The mechanical design of this motor requires careful consideration in order to minimise the high mechanical stresses acting upon the rotor, which are due to the high radial forces caused by the centripetal force at high speed. In order to address the mechanical constraints caused by the hoop stress, a structure common to flywheels is applied to the rotor. In this approach, the shaft bore is removed and the laminations are sandwiched together using cheek plates, which are secured using tie rods. The cheek plates have their extending shafts, which consequently will transfer the torque to the rest of the system. The proposed model is analysed for both the electromagnetic and mechanical aspects, successfully demonstrating a promising rotor topology for the design speed. A high speed motor design needs to take into account shaft design, rotor design and bearing design. The high speed operation of the salient rotor gives dramatic rise to the windage loss. These factors are carefully considered in this work and the results are presented.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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