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Title: Multiphase wireless dynamic charging systems for electric vehicles
Authors: Vu, Van Binh
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Newcastle University
Abstract: Electric vehicles (EVs) have been intensively developed as an attempt to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions caused by fossil-fuel vehicles. EVs require expensive batteries and power electronics for charging and discharging the battery. Unfortunately, battery technology, such as lithium-ion batteries requires substantial improvements to effectively compete with fossil-fuel cars in price. Also, batteries are usually heavy, take up large space and still have range limitation. Wireless Dynamic Charging (WDC), while the vehicles are in motion, is seen as an alternative to overcome the drawbacks associated with batteries. Due to the continues charging when driving, batteries can become smaller as most of the traction energy comes from the grid directly. WDC is fundamentally developed based on inductive power transfer (IPT) technology, where a time-varying magnetic field is generated by transmitter coils, which are installed underneath the road surface, to wirelessly power receiver coils, that charge the EV’s battery continuously. Presently, there are several technical challenges associated with WDC, which hinders commercialization. The output power fluctuation along the driving direction is one of the most serious problems. These fluctuations cause reduction in constant energy transfer thus requiring larger batteries. Also, batteries lifetime is significantly reduced as a result of increasing internal heating. Several studies attempted to realise constant output power for WDC. However, proposed methods so far, have disadvantages such as high cost, complexity or unable to sustain constant output power throughout the charging process. The work in this thesis proposes a multiphase WDC system to simultaneously achieve constant and high output power for EV applications. The proposed WDC system utilizes multiple primary windings that guarantee a homogeneous mutual magnetic flux for the receiver along the driving direction. This results in a constant induced voltage across the receiver and hence constant output power to charge the EV battery. High output power capability is attained by using multiple transmitter windings arranged in a novel winding method. The effectiveness of the proposed system is analytically described, simulated and demonstrated experimentally using a 3-kW laboratory prototype with the three-phase transmitter. The proposed system requires only simple control, eliminates communications between the primary and secondary sides and delivers 125% higher power transfer capability compared to conventional single-phase WDC systems.
Description: PhD Thesis
Appears in Collections:School of Engineering

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